Medical Retina Disorders
Macular Degeneration is an eye disease that occurs in many individuals over the age of 50. One or both eyes may be affected. The macula becomes damaged while side vision remains clear. However, central vision becomes limited. You may notice wavy lines and blank spots in the center of your vision. Colors are not as vibrant. Careful monitoring by your doctor is imperative in assisting you to get the most out of your vision.
In addition to your medical examination, your doctor may recommend a special test called an angiogram. This diagnostic tool uses special dyes to creat pictures of the inside of your eyes.
Diabetic retinopathy is a potentially vision threatening condition in which the blood vessels inside the retina become damaged from the high blood sugar levels associated with diabetes. These damaged vessels can then leak, bleed or scar and cause retinal detachment, hemorrhaging or macular edema, conditions than can damage vision.
More that one-third of those diagnosed with diabetes do not receive the recommended vision care and may be at risk for blindness. Because there are often no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, vision may not be affected until the disease becomes severe.
Once diagnosed with diabetes, schedule a complete dilated eye examination with your doctor at least once a year. Make an appointment promptly if you experience blurred vision and floaters that:
- Affect only one eye
- Last more than a few days
- Are not associated with a change in blood sugar
In advanced cases of diabetic retinopathy, laser treatment has been shown to reduce the loss of vision. The surgery does not cure diabetic retinopathy, nor does it prevent future vision loss, especially if diabetes or blood pressure is not well controlled.
Retinal Tears or Detachments
Early treatment is essential in preventing vision loss caused by retinal tears or detachments.
Learn the warning signs! You are at greater risk if you are very nearsighted, have had a detachment before or have a family history of this problem. Prompt attention is imperative in preventing vision loss.
Call your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following:
- Your vision becomes blurry
- The number of flashes or floaters increases
- Your vision changes after a sharp blow to the eye.